Details for Jose Francisco Ruiz (Atlas Number 5029004386)

Historical Marker — Atlas Number 5029004386


Marker Number 4386
Atlas Number 5029004386
Marker Title Jose Francisco Ruiz
Index Entry Ruiz, Jose Francisco
City San Antonio
County Bexar
UTM Zone 14
UTM Easting 548854
UTM Northing 3255075
Subject Codes Texas Revolution, Republic of Texas; state official; pioneers; military topics
Marker Year 1973
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark No
Private Property No
Marker Location Dolorosa Street, south side of Military Plaza
Marker Condition In Situ
Marker Size 27" x 42"
Marker Text Jose Francisco Ruiz (January 29, 1783-January 20, 1840) One of two native Texans who signed declaration of Independence and helped found Republic of Texas. Ruiz, born in San Antonio, son of a wealthy rancher, was educator in Spain. Upon returning home, he was appointed school teacher by order of the cabildo (city government). He marred Josepha Hernandez, of one of city's founding families; had two children. Ruiz became an officer in the revolutionary Army of the Mexican people opposing Spanish rule, 1811-1815; shared in defeat; and had to flee for his life to the United States. After freedom was won, he and his family returned (1822) and he became an officer in the republican army. Assumption of dictorial powers by Santa Anna (1830s) caused Ruiz to join other Texans in opposition. He was elected delegate from Bexar to the March 1836 convention at Washington-on-the-Brazos. There he became one of the three men of Spanish blood to sign the Texas Declaration of Independence. Late in 1836 he was seated in the first Congress of the Republic of Texas as first Senator from Bexar District. In tribute to Ruiz, the state of Texas has marked his gravesite and moved his house from Dolorosa street for preservation on grounds of Witte Museum.