Details for The Texas Rangers and the Fence Cutters (Atlas Number 5309005436)

Historical Marker — Atlas Number 5309005436


Marker Number 5436
Atlas Number 5309005436
Marker Title The Texas Rangers and the Fence Cutters
Index Entry Texas Rangers and the Fence Cutters, The
City Waco
County McLennan
UTM Zone 14
UTM Easting 683096
UTM Northing 3495241
Subject Codes rangers; cattle, cattle industry topics
Marker Year 1976
Marker Location At entrance to Texas Rangers Museum at entrance to Fort Fisher (University Parks Avenue and I-35) in Waco.
Marker Size 27" x 42"
Marker Text Before 1875 in Texas, cattle roamed over thousands of acres of public land, and free grazing became a tradition. After 1875, however, an increasing farm populace tended to protect crops and other property with barbed wire fences which were resented by stockraisers. Cattle losses in drouths of the 1880s provoked such widespread cutting of fences that the Texas government recognized this as a crime and in 1884 enacted laws and measures to curb the practice. Texas Rangers were dispatched by the Governor at the call of County Judges and Sheriffs to apprehend the fence cutters. They operated from the Red River to the Rio Grande, and from the Panhandle to the Pine Woods of East Texas. Disguise and concealment were required, and one of the Rangers who won praise for his work pronounced it the most disagreeable duty in the world. The vigorous effort went on for some years. Finally, however, stockmen who had wanted to restore the open range were won over to fencing their own lands and using windmills to water their cattle herds. The Texas Rangers had in one more instance helped to stabilize life in the West.