Details for Hell's Half Acre (Atlas Number 5439002431)

Historical Marker — Atlas Number 5439002431

Data

Marker Number 2431
Atlas Number 5439002431
Marker Title Hell's Half Acre
Index Entry Hell's Half Acre
Address 12th & Houston
City Fort Worth
County Tarrant
UTM Zone 14
UTM Easting 656624
UTM Northing 3624761
Subject Codes saloons; outlaws; neighborhoods
Marker Year 1993
Designations
Marker Location 12th & Houston, Fort Worth
Marker Size 27" x 42"
Marker Text A notorious red light district known as Hell's Half Acre developed in this section of Fort Worth after the arrival of the Texas and Pacific Railway in 1876 launched a local economic boom. Fort Worth was soon the favorite destination for hundreds of cowboys, buffalo hunters, railroad workers, and freighters eager to wash off the trail dust and enjoy themselves. To meet the demand, a large number of saloons, dance halls, gambling houses, and bordellos opened between the Courthouse Square and the railroad depot. Illegal activities in Hell's Half Acre were tolerated by city officials because of their importance to the town's economy. The district prospered in the 1880s and added to Fort Worth's growing reputation as a rowdy frontier town. Famous gamblers Luke Short, Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp and outlaws Sam Bass, Eugene Bunch, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are known to have spent time in Hell's Half Acre. A 1906 newspaper headline calling the district Fort Worth's den of sin and refuge of criminals was representative of periodic efforts to clean up the district. These efforts proved unsuccessful until Army officials at Camp Bowie, established here during World War I, helped local officials shut the district down. (1993)