Details for Jesse Chisholm (Atlas Number 5507020185)

Historical Marker — Atlas Number 5507020185

Data

Marker Number 20185
Atlas Number 5507020185
Marker Title Jesse Chisholm
Index Entry Chisholm, Jesse
Address 701 NW Green Oaks Blvd.
City Arlington
County Tarrant
UTM Zone 14
UTM Easting 677966
UTM Northing 3629381
Subject Codes
Marker Year 1967
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark No
Private Property
Marker Location River Legacy Park (was previously on SH 360)
Marker Condition
Marker Size
Marker Text Founder of World-Famous Cattle Trail Jesse Chisholm (1805-1868) Represented the Republic of Texas and President Sam Houston in many negotiations with Indians. Half Scotsman, half Cherokee, a scout, hunter, trader and trailblazer. Spoke 40 Indian languages and dialects and was a respected influence among southwestern tribes, including the wild Kiowas and Comanches. In 1843, near here at Bird's Fort on the Trinity, was interpreter for a peace conference; in 1849 was in negotiations at Grapevine Springs, to the north. He is best known for marking the Chisholm Trail across Oklahoma and Kansas. Cowboys driving cattle north to seek favorable markets used his direct route which avoided deep rivers and lay in grassy, watered land. He thus helped rebuild Texas economy that had been wrecked in 1861-1865 by Civil War. Cattle had increased greatly in wartime. Texas had no market; drives were necessary so $5 longhorns could go to northern markets to bring $30 or more per head. In 1867 the Chisholm Trail was extended to Abilene, Kansas, where cattle loading pens and railroad shipping cars were provided. This was the best known of several cattle trails from Texas over which some 10,000,000 beeves were driven from the state during the years 1866-1884. Incised in base: Erected in commemoration of Chisholm Trail Centennial, 1967