Details for Site of World War II Prisoner of War Camp (Atlas Number 5481004917)

Historical Marker — Atlas Number 5481004917

Data

Marker Number 4917
Atlas Number 5481004917
Marker Title Site of World War II Prisoner of War Camp
Index Entry World War II Prisoner of War Camp, Site of
Address 2015 Junior College Blvd.
City Wharton
County Wharton
UTM Zone 14
UTM Easting 782497
UTM Northing 3247457
Subject Codes World War II; newspapers; fairs and festivals; German immigrants/immigration; military topics
Marker Year 1991
Designations
Marker Location 2015 Junior College Blvd. (marker is located in front of Ladien Technology Center ) (at corner of Junior College Blvd. and FM 1301)
Marker Size 27" x 42"
Marker Text Included in a land grant awarded in 1824 to Martin Allen, one of Stephen F. Austin's "Old Three Hundred" colonists, this property has had a long and varied history. In the 1840s Allen's heirs sold most of his land to Albert Clinton Horton, Wharton County planter, Texas revolution veteran, and the state's first lieutenant governor. Horton's heirs sold the property in 1930 to a group of investors who planned to develop the area into a county fairground, and several structures were built on the site. Fair organizer sold the land to the county in 1942. During World War II, over 50,000 German prisoners of war were interned in camps throughout Texas. Camp Swift in Bastrop County operated a number of branch camps along the Texas Coast, and in 1943 Camp Wharton was established at this site. The old county fair buildings were converted for use by the prisoners and U. S. Army, and the prisoners worked as farm laborers throughout Wharton and Colorado counties.